Ajrakh Printing


Ajrakh Printing

  • One of the 27 different traditional art forms of Kutch region of Gujarat.
  • Introduction :
  • According to the local printers Ajrakh means “keep it today.” It is also linked to Azrakh, the Arabic word for indigo, a blue plant.
  • Printing on both sides of the fabric is usually referred to as Ajrakh printing where the name is believed to be originated from the Arabic name Azrak that generally refers to
  • Ajrakh is a unique form of block printing found in Kutch, came from Sindh.
  • It is a long process involving many stages of printing and washing the fabric over and over again with various natural dyes and mordants such as harda, lime, alizarin, indigo and even camel dung. 
  • Materials:
  • Hand Carved Wooden Blocks
  • Printing platform made of sponge sheets and cloth
  • Ball pins
  • Color trays
  • Copper vessels
  • Water tank.
  • Process:
  • White cotton cloth is measured and cut into required length and soaked in plain water for overnight. Then, it is washed in flow water and lashed with wooden bat.
  • The cloth is soaked in Harada (tamarind seed powder) solution and dried under sun.
  • Cloth is fixed on platform with ball pins to begin block printing.
  • Dye paint is kept in a dye tray and the wooden blocks are immersed in the dye and printed on the cloth. Initially borders are printed first and then outlines of the design are printed.
  • Newspaper is used to avoid printing on other areas.
  • Different blocks are used for each color.
  • After the printing is done, it is washed in plain water. Then it is washed in flowing water.
  • Between each wash the cloth is beaten on the stone slab to remove all impurities.
  • Then the washed cloths are spread on the ground and dried under the Sun.
  • Then as it dries it is folded and taken for the next step i.e; Indigo Dying.
  • The cloth is dyed in indigo color to get blue shade.
  • Dyed cloths are again dyed in the solution of aligirin and Dhawdaka Phul.
  • These dyed cloths are dried in the Sun and packed for marketing.
  • Products: 1.Kammar band (waist cloth) 2.Bed spread 3.Blanket 4.Salwar

Kameez 5.Dhoti 6.Lungi 7.Turban 8.Dupatta 9.Shawl 10.Safa(head covering) 11.Malir (skirt fabric)